“There has been no major change in the incidence of bladder cancer in the United States for 40 years, and for 30 years there has been almost no therapeutic development for localized or advanced disease. However, in the past few years, 5 immune checkpoint inhibitors [ICIs] have been approved for the treatment of bladder cancer,” said Thomas W. Flaig, MD, Professor of Medicine and Associate Dean, University of Colorado School of Medicine. “We now have a lot more latitude for treating patients, and we have support to pursue more aggressive therapy,” he continued.
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