Kerrin M. Green, MA, Assistant Managing Editor, JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network
Ms. Green has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships.
Deborah J. Moonan, RN, BSN, Director, Continuing Education & Grants
Ms. Moonan has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships.
Ann Gianola, MA, Manager, Continuing Education & Grants
Ms. Gianola has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships.
Kristina M. Gregory, RN, MSN, OCN, Vice President, Clinical Information Operations
Ms. Gregory has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships.
Gold P, Freedman SO. Demonstration of tumor-specific antigens in human colonic carcinomata by immunological tolerance and absorption techniques. J Exp Med 1965;121:439–462.
Thomson DM, Krupey J, Freedman SO et al.. The radioimmunoassay of circulating carcinoembryonic antigen of the human digestive system. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1969;64:161–167.
Garcia M, Seigner C, Bastid C et al.. Carcinoembryonic antigen has a different molecular weight in normal colon and in cancer cells due to N-glycosylation differences. Cancer Res 1991;51:5679–5686.
Thomas SN, Zhu F, Schnaar RL et al.. Carcinoembryonic antigen and CD44 variant isoforms cooperate to mediate colon carcinoma cell adhesion to E- and L-selectin in shear flow. J Biol Chem 2008;283:15647–15655.
Benson AB III, Venook AP, Bekaii-Saab T et al.. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: Colon Cancer. Version 3, 2014. Available at: NCCN.org. Accessed April 21, 2014.
Moertel CG, Fleming TR, Macdonald JS et al.. An elevation of the carcinoembryonic antigen test for monitoring patients with resected colon cancer. JAMA 1993;270:943–947.
Stockley RA, Shaw J, Whitfield AG et al.. Effects of cigarette smoking, pulmonary inflammation, and lung disease on concentrations of carcinoembryonic antigen in serum and secretions. Thorax 1986;41:17–24.
Loewenstein MS, Zamcheck N. Carcinoembryonic antigen levels in benign gastrointestinal disease states. Cancer 1978;42:1412–1418.