The integration of physician assistants (PAs) and nurse practitioners (NPs) into practices caring for patients with cancer is well recognized and decades old. Advanced practice providers (APPs), as they are collectively identified, play an important role in both academic and private practices. In light of well-known projections for increased numbers of cancer diagnoses, increased numbers of cancer survivors, and a shortfall of fellowship-trained hematology and oncology physicians over the next 8 to 10 years, examination of several variables relative to APPs is timely.1 Areas of consideration include recruitment, training, clinical role, productivity, and retention. To successfully ensure continued growth in APP capacity in oncology, all of these areas, and possibly others, must be addressed by practices considering or using APPs.
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