Because most patients with small cell cancer of the lung present with distant metastatic disease, the treatment is almost always medical therapies without surgery. However, a small number of patients present with resectable disease, and this review summarizes the available literature addressing the possible role for surgery in the treatment of these patients.
Robert J. Downey and Lee M. Krug
Tatjana Gavrancic and Yeun-Hee Anna Park
. 16. Kishimoto T Yano T Hiroshima K . A case of alpha-fetoprotein-producing pulmonary carcinoma with restricted expression of hepatocyte nuclear factor-4 alpha in hepatoid foci: a case report with studies of previous cases . Hum Pathol 2008
David S. Ettinger, Mark Agulnik, Justin M. M. Cates, Mihaela Cristea, Crystal S. Denlinger, Keith D. Eaton, Panagiotis M. Fidias, David Gierada, Jon P. Gockerman, Charles R. Handorf, Renuka Iyer, Renato Lenzi, John Phay, Asif Rashid, Leonard Saltz, Lawrence N. Shulman, Jeffrey B. Smerage, Gauri R. Varadhachary, Jonathan S. Zager, and Weining (Ken) Zhen
mainly found in seminomas but is also expressed in some nonseminoma germ cell tumors, genitourinary, gastrointestinal, and pulmonary carcinomas. Carcinoembryonic antigen can be useful for the differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas