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Joshua I. Warrick

Pathologists have identified many bladder cancer (BCA) histomorphologies that differ from conventional urothelial carcinoma (UC; also known as transitional cell carcinoma ). Several of these histologic variants are biologically aggressive, and

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Stephen A. Brassell and Ashish M. Kamat

. Jemal A Siegel R Ward E . Cancer statistics, 2006 . CA Cancer J Clin 2006 ; 56 : 106 – 130 . 2. Heney NM Ahmed S Flanagan MJ . Superficial bladder cancer: progression and recurrence . J Urol 1983 ; 130 : 1083 – 1086 . 3

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Richard S. Matulewicz, Brendan T. Frainey, Daniel T. Oberlin and Joshua J. Meeks

Background The current treatment paradigm for non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is directed at reducing cancer recurrence and preventing disease progression to more advanced stages. Historically, this has been accomplished through the

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Michael R. Abern, Richmond A. Owusu, Mark R. Anderson, Edward N. Rampersaud and Brant A. Inman

Currently, 2.4% of all people born in the United States will develop bladder cancer during their lifetime. 1 In 2012, the estimated incidence of bladder cancer was 73,510, with a 3:1 male-to-female ratio, and accounted for 14,880 deaths. 1 At

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Peter E. Clark

of this promise is in bladder cancer. Within the past 4 years, at least 4 different groups have independently tested the expression profile of locally advanced bladder cancers (typically those undergoing radical cystectomy) and assigned a molecular

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Hideki Furuya and Charles J. Rosser

“…for whom the bell tolls, It tolls for thee.” - John Donne The article, “It May be Time to Abandon Urine Tests for Bladder Cancer” 1 reinforces what is widely known within urology: that current urine-based assays for the diagnosis of

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Joseph J. Fantony and Brant A. Inman

Bladder cancer is the second most common malignancy of the genitourinary tract and fifth most common malignancy overall in the United States. 1 The current standard for diagnosis and surveillance of bladder cancer includes a combination of

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Saurabh Parasramka, Quan Chen, Bin Huang, Peng Wang and Zin Myint

Background: Non-metastatic muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is treated with radical cystectomy and survival is closely associated with final pathologic staging. For patients undergoing primary surgery there is evidence that delay > 90 days

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Shree Vishnu Siddarth, Ginil Kumar Pooleri and Georgie Mathew

Introduction: The recurrence following a transurethral resection (TUR) of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) remains relatively high. A single immediate postoperative instillation of mitomycin C (MMC) reduces the rate of recurrence in the

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Brent K. Hollenbeck, James E. Montie and John T. Wei

Dimick JB . Potential benefits of the new Leapfrog standards: effect of process and outcomes measures . Surgery. 2004 ; 135 : 569 – 575 . 18 Stein JP Lieskovsky G Cote R . Radical cystectomy in the treatment of invasive bladder cancer