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  • Author: Tresa McGranahan x
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Megan Gershon, Justine Pena, Chamnjot Bains, Sarah Salas, Tresa McGranahan and Seema Nagpal

Background: The development of oral chemotherapies (OC) have transformed cancer care for millions of patients. Most patients with brain tumors have temozolomide (TMZ) delivered to their home. While this has improved the patient experience, it presents significant challenges to safety of prescription, administration, and side effect monitoring. While there are guidelines for documentation, there is not a best practices system for managing OC. This project identified areas of latent errors and implemented a standardized process for OC management. Methods: After review of the literature, we developed a process map for our institution’s practice and performed hazard analysis. We then evaluated the process at 3 other neuro-oncology practices. Based on these evaluations, changes were implemented at several stages (Table 1). Objective binary measures that could be recorded for every TMZ prescription were collected by chart review of the 6 months prior to process change. These measures were monitored every 2 weeks after process change implementation using run charts. A baseline process mean was calculated for each measure from the 6 months before program implementation. Successful change implementation was defined as 7 consecutive 2-week averages that were continually on one side of the process mean. Results: At the time of this abstract submission, we had successfully reduced refills for OC and increased documentation of dose calculation and dose ordered. There is improvement in independent dose calculation by 2 providers and dedicated chemotherapy teaching visits; however, these have not yet reached criteria for process change. Additionally, oral chemotherapy order sets were created in the electronic medical records system and an on-site specialty pharmacy was added as another safety measure in OC management. Conclusions: This project used published studies and multi-institutional process mapping and hazard analysis to implement a standardized ordering of TMZ for patients with brain tumors. This process can be implemented for OC management in other oncology practices.