Approximately 11,960 people will be diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 2005, and 9,000 patients will die of the disease. As the population ages, the incidence of AML, along with myelodysplasia, appears to be rising. Equally disturbing is the increasing incidence of treatment-related myelodysplasia and leukemia in survivors of tumors of childhood and young adulthood such as Hodgkin's disease, sarcomas, breast and testicular cancers, and lymphomas. Recent large clinical trials have highlighted the need for new, innovative strategies because outcomes for AML patients, particularly older patients, have not substantially changed in the past 3 decades.
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