Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare in pregnancy, with only 11 reported cases. Adjuvant imatinib therapy, which targets the most common driver mutations in GIST (KIT and PDGFRA), is recommended for patients with high-risk GIST, but it has known teratogenicity in the first trimester. A 34-year-old G3P2 woman underwent exploratory laparotomy at 16 weeks' gestation for a presumed adnexal mass. Surgical findings included normal adnexa and a 14-cm solid small bowel mass. The mass was resected en bloc with a segment of jejunum followed by a primary anastomosis. Histopathology and genomic analyses demonstrated a GIST with high-risk features but lack of KIT/PDGFRA mutations and identified the presence of a previously unreported, pathogenic PRKAR1B-BRAF gene fusion. Given her tumor profile, adjuvant therapy with imatinib was not recommended. GIST is rare in pregnancy, but can masquerade as an adnexal mass in women of childbearing age. Because neoadjuvant/adjuvant imatinib has risks of teratogenicity, tumor molecular profiling is critical as we identified a previously unreported gene fusion of PRKAR1B with BRAF that is predicted to be imatinib-resistant. In this case, testing provided the rationale for not offering adjuvant imatinib to avoid unnecessary toxicity to the patient and fetus.
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- Author: Juliann Chmielecki x
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Lindsey M. Charo, Adam M. Burgoyne, Paul T. Fanta, Hitendra Patel, Juliann Chmielecki, Jason K. Sicklick, and Michael T. McHale
Silviya K. Meletath, Dean Pavlick, Tim Brennan, Roy Hamilton, Juliann Chmielecki, Julia A. Elvin, Norma Palma, Jeffrey S. Ross, Vincent A. Miller, Philip J. Stephens, George Snipes, Veena Rajaram, Siraj M. Ali, and Isaac Melguizo-Gavilanes
Background: Gangliogliomas are slow-growing, low-grade central nervous system tumors affecting children and young adults. However, some patients will experience tumor recurrence and/or malignant progression. This article reports on the clinical history, molecular findings, and treatment response in a patient with BRAF V600–mutated high-grade glioma arising from ganglioglioma. Methods: Hematoxylin-eosin staining and comprehensive genomic profiling via Foundation One were performed on the tumor sample from a male patient undergoing treatment at the Department of Neuro-Oncology at Baylor University Medical Center. Results: The patient was eligible for participation in a clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00916409) of a tumor treatment fields (TTFields) device, NovoTTF-100A, with concurrent radiation and chemotherapy (CCRT). His disease relapsed 4 months after completion of his CCRT, with MRI showing areas of enhancement. Temozolomide was discontinued and he was offered dabrafenib, an oral selective inhibitor of BRAF V600E, with continued use of NovoTTF. At the time of this report, after 2 years of treatment with dabrafenib and TTFields, the patient shows a durable complete response in all areas with no active lesions or new areas of enhancement. Conclusions: This report suggests that TTFields delivered in combination with targeted therapy dabrafenib yielded a remarkable clinical and radiologic response in this recurrent high-grade glioma. Targeted therapy matched to genomic alterations combined with TTFields treatment could provide clinical benefit and should be prospectively explored in the near future.