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Presented by: Joyce F. Liu

Treatment approaches for advanced ovarian cancer should consider several factors. Among the most important are platinum sensitivity, the status of BRCA and homologous recombination deficiency (HRD), and the changing indications for PARP inhibitors in recurrent disease and maintenance. PARP inhibitors have demonstrated clear benefit in patients with BRCA mutated tumors, especially in the first-line setting, and HRD testing can guide their use for patients without BRCA mutations. A new antibody–drug conjugate, mirvetuximab soravtansine, has been approved for use in a subset of patients with platinum-resistant disease. Newly diagnosed patients with advanced-stage ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancers should always be evaluated by a gynecologic oncologist if possible.

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Joyce Liu and Ursula Matulonis

Ovarian cancer remains the leading cause of death among women with gynecologic malignancies, and the fifth leading cause of cancer mortality in women in the United States. Although many patients respond to first-line platinum-based therapy, most will experience disease recurrence. The role of further therapy in the setting of recurrent ovarian cancer is palliative, and large randomized phase III trials on treatment options for recurrent ovarian cancer are rare. Controversies exist as to the optimal timing and duration of treatment, and many issues regarding treatment of recurrent disease remain.