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BPI19-020: A New Protecting Method for the Inferior Parathyroid Gland in situ: The Meticulous Thyrothymic Ligament Dissection Technique

Yan Si, Jingsheng Cai, Hao Zhang, Haisheng Fang, and Meiping Shen

Objective: To explore the anatomic features and the dissection technique of thyrothymic ligament (TTL) and to explore the clinical significance of protecting the inferior parathyroid gland (IPTG) with this structure. Method: Dissect the TTL of patients who receive initial thyroid surgery in our center, describe the structural features of TTL, and investigate the positional relationship of TTL and IPTG. Results: TTL is a kind of adipose connective tissue that is wide at the bottom and narrow at the top, accompanying with the inferior thyroid vein, from the thymus to the thyroid. Over 70% TTL are attached to the lower pole and the lower one-third dorsal of thyroid, containing fat and vessels. About 121 patients have undergone this dissection, totally dissected 194 sides, 143 sides had TTL (73.7%). About 63.4% IPTGs are located in the thymus-thyrothymic ligament-IPTG complex (TLIC), and nearly 70.6% IPTG can be proactively identified and located by the TTL during the operation. The incidence rate of postsurgical hypoparathyroidism is 14.9%. According to whether the dissection is successful, the IPTG can be described into 2 types, the ligament type (L) and the non-ligament type (N), and each type can be described into different subtypes.

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Impact of NCI-Mandated Scientific Review on Protocol Development and Content

Ning Ning, Jingsheng Yan, Xian-Jin Xie, and David E. Gerber

Purpose: The NCI requirement that clinical trials at NCI-designated cancer centers undergo scientific review in addition to Institutional Review Board review is unique among medical specialties. We evaluated the impact of this process on protocol development and content. Methods: We analyzed cancer clinical trials that underwent full board review by the Harold C. Simmons Cancer Center Protocol Review and Monitoring Committee (PRMC) from January 1, 2009, through June 30, 2013. We analyzed associations between trial characteristics, PRMC decisions, and protocol modifications using Chi-square testing, Fishers exact testing, and logistic regression. Results: A total of 226 trials were analyzed. Of these, 77% were industry-sponsored and 23% were investigator-initiated. Initial PRMC decisions were: approval (40%), provisional approval (52%), deferral (7%), and disapproval (1%). These decisions were associated with study sponsor (P<.001) and phase (P<.001). Ultimately, 97% of industry-sponsored and 90% of investigator-initiated trials were approved (P=.05). Changes were requested for 27% of industry-sponsored trials compared with 54% of investigator-initiated trials (P<.001). Total changes requested (mean, 5.6 vs 2.4; P<.001) and implemented (mean, 4.6 vs 2.1; P=.008) per protocol were significantly greater for investigator-initiated trials. Changes related to study design were more commonly requested (35% vs 13% of trials) and implemented (40% vs 5% of trials) for investigator-initiated trials compared with industry-sponsored trials (P=.03). Conclusions: NCI-mandated scientific protocol review seems to have a substantial impact on investigator-initiated trials but less effect on industry-sponsored trials. These findings may provide guidance on development and prioritization of institutional protocol review policies.