Background: Central line associated blood stream infection (CLABSI) rates have been above the benchmark for our academic medical center that includes a comprehensive cancer center. In response, a 20% CLABSI reduction rate was set by the hospital Chief Medical and Associate Chief Nursing Officers. A multidisciplinary group convened to standardize central line insertion and maintenance practices. Product review showed 20 different central line insertion kits and 6 different dressing kits throughout the system. Hospital central line policy focused solely on nursing practice and there was not a policy including provider practice regarding central line insertion. A gap analysis determined dressing and insertion site integrity was compromised in 53% of our patients, including visible blood under 38% of the dressings, with oncology patients having some of our highest rates of bleeding. Objective: The purpose of this quality improvement project was to collaborate amongst disciplines to review practice, products, and policy for central line insertion and maintenance. We aimed to systematically improve practice across the central line continuum of prevention. Methods: A multidisciplinary team evaluated and defined current and best practice for policy and product changes. Implementation of best practice checklists included a team checklist to be used during insertion of every central line in the intensive care units and checklists that detailed practice steps in accordance with the updated central line policy. Central line dressing change prototypes were designed, products were compared, and approval for a standardized kit to support practice occurred. A new antimicrobial and hemostatic dressing was selected for line care to improve site integrity. The number of central line insertion kits was reduce by half and dressing kits were reduced to just one standard kit for the hospital system. Results: CLABSI rates have decreased from 7.43 cases/month to 3.6 cases/month following. Trends post-product rollout and repeat gap analysis data will be included at time of presentation. Conclusion: Reduction of CLABSI requires a multidisciplinary approach focusing simultaneously on best practices for central line insertion and maintenance. Best evidence for provider and nursing practice needs to be bundled in a comprehensive policy with checklist and products to support the standardization. Clinician evaluation and input on choosing products is critical to positive patient outcomes.
Christine Wallace, Jennifer Sullivan and Erin Supan
Therese B. Bevers, John H. Ward, Banu K. Arun, Graham A. Colditz, Kenneth H. Cowan, Mary B. Daly, Judy E. Garber, Mary L. Gemignani, William J. Gradishar, Judith A. Jordan, Larissa A. Korde, Nicole Kounalakis, Helen Krontiras, Shicha Kumar, Allison Kurian, Christine Laronga, Rachel M. Layman, Loretta S. Loftus, Martin C. Mahoney, Sofia D. Merajver, Ingrid M. Meszoely, Joanne Mortimer, Lisa Newman, Elizabeth Pritchard, Sandhya Pruthi, Victoria Seewaldt, Michelle C. Specht, Kala Visvanathan, Anne Wallace, Mary Ann Bergman and Rashmi Kumar
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in women in the United States and is second only to lung cancer as a cause of cancer death. To assist women who are at increased risk of developing breast cancer and their physicians in the application of individualized strategies to reduce breast cancer risk, NCCN has developed these guidelines for breast cancer risk reduction.
Gregory P. Kalemkerian, Billy W. Loo Jr, Wallace Akerley, Albert Attia, Michael Bassetti, Yanis Boumber, Roy Decker, M. Chris Dobelbower, Afshin Dowlati, Robert J. Downey, Charles Florsheim, Apar Kishor P. Ganti, John C. Grecula, Matthew A. Gubens, Christine L. Hann, James A. Hayman, Rebecca Suk Heist, Marianna Koczywas, Robert E. Merritt, Nisha Mohindra, Julian Molina, Cesar A. Moran, Daniel Morgensztern, Saraswati Pokharel, David C. Portnoy, Deborah Rhodes, Chad Rusthoven, Jacob Sands, Rafael Santana-Davila, Charles C. Williams Jr, Karin G. Hoffmann and Miranda Hughes
The NCCN Guidelines for Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) address all aspects of disease management. These NCCN Guidelines Insights focus on recent updates to the NCCN Guidelines for SCLC regarding immunotherapy, systemic therapy, and radiation therapy. For the 2018 update, new sections were added on “Signs and Symptoms of SCLC” and “Principles of Pathologic Review.”