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Relapsed/Refractory CLL/SLL: Overcoming Resistance to Covalent BTKi and/or BCL2 Inhibitors

Presented by: Brian T. Hill

We are now in the era of targeted therapy for frontline chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), with current treatments demonstrating favorable long-term outcomes. However, patients with double-refractory CLL whose disease has relapsed or been refractory to treatment with both a BTK and BCL-2 inhibitor present a unique challenge; although the number of patients experiencing relapse after first-line chemoimmunotherapy is likely to decrease, the number of those with double-refractory CLL is expected to increase. Various treatment strategies have been explored and noncovalent Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitors, such as pirtobrutinib, show activity in the double-refractory CLL population. Further research and prospective trials are needed to refine these approaches and improve outcomes for patients with relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL.

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CLO23-029: An APP-Run Lymphadenopathy Clinic: The Cleveland Clinic Experience

Christopher D’Andrea, Stacy Mathews, and Brian Hill

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Patient Navigation for Timely, Guideline-Adherent Adjuvant Therapy for Head and Neck Cancer: A National Landscape Analysis

Evan M. Graboyes, Michelle Chappell, Kelsey A. Duckett, Katherine Sterba, Chanita Hughes Halbert, Elizabeth G. Hill, Bhishamjit Chera, Jessica McCay, Sidharth V. Puram, Salma Ramadan, Vlad C. Sandulache, Russel Kahmke, Brian Nussenbaum, Anthony J. Alberg, Electra D. Paskett, and Elizabeth Calhoun

Background: Aligned with the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology for Head and Neck Cancers, in November 2021 the Commission on Cancer approved initiation of postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) within 6 weeks of surgery for head and neck cancer (HNC) as its first and only HNC quality metric. Unfortunately, >50% of patients do not commence PORT within 6 weeks, and delays disproportionately burden racial and ethnic minority groups. Although patient navigation (PN) is a potential strategy to improve the delivery of timely, equitable, guideline-adherent PORT, the national landscape of PN for this aspect of care is unknown. Materials and Methods: From September through November 2022, we conducted a survey of health care organizations that participate in the American Cancer Society National Navigation Roundtable to understand the scope of PN for delivering timely, guideline-adherent PORT for patients with HNC. Results: Of the 94 institutions that completed the survey, 89.4% (n=84) reported that at least part of their practice was dedicated to navigating patients with HNC. Sixty-eight percent of the institutions who reported navigating patients with HNC along the continuum (56/83) reported helping them begin PORT. One-third of HNC navigators (32.5%; 27/83) reported tracking the metric for time-to-PORT at their facility. When estimating the timeframe in which the NCCN and Commission on Cancer guidelines recommend commencing PORT, 44.0% (37/84) of HNC navigators correctly stated ≤6 weeks; 71.4% (60/84) reported that they did not know the frequency of delays starting PORT among patients with HNC nationally, and 63.1% (53/84) did not know the frequency of delays at their institution. Conclusions: In this national landscape survey, we identified that PN is already widely used in clinical practice to help patients with HNC start timely, guideline-adherent PORT. To enhance and scale PN within this area and improve the quality and equity of HNC care delivery, organizations could focus on providing better education and support for their navigators as well as specialization in HNC.

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Hairy Cell Leukemia, Version 2.2018, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology

William G. Wierda, John C. Byrd, Jeremy S. Abramson, Seema Bhat, Greg Bociek, Danielle Brander, Jennifer Brown, Asher Chanan-Khan, Steve E. Coutre, Randall S. Davis, Christopher D. Fletcher, Brian Hill, Brad S. Kahl, Manali Kamdar, Lawrence D. Kaplan, Nadia Khan, Thomas J. Kipps, Jeffrey Lancet, Shuo Ma, Sami Malek, Claudio Mosse, Mazyar Shadman, Tanya Siddiqi, Deborah Stephens, Nina Wagner, Andrew D. Zelenetz, Mary A. Dwyer, and Hema Sundar

Hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is a rare type of indolent B-cell leukemia, characterized by symptoms of fatigue and weakness, organomegaly, pancytopenia, and recurrent opportunistic infections. Classic HCL should be considered a distinct clinical entity separate from HCLvariant (HCLv), which is associated with a more aggressive disease course and may not respond to standard HCL therapies. Somatic hypermutation in the IGHV gene is present in most patients with HCL. The BRAF V600E mutation has been reported in most patients with classic HCL but not in those with other B-cell leukemias or lymphomas. Therefore, it is necessary to distinguish HCLv from classic HCL. This manuscript discusses the recommendations outlined in the NCCN Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of classic HCL.

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NCCN Guidelines Insights: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, Version 2.2019

William G. Wierda, John C. Byrd, Jeremy S. Abramson, Syed F. Bilgrami, Greg Bociek, Danielle Brander, Jennifer Brown, Asher A. Chanan-Khan, Julio C. Chavez, Steve E. Coutre, Randall S. Davis, Christopher D. Fletcher, Brian Hill, Brad S. Kahl, Manali Kamdar, Lawrence D. Kaplan, Nadia Khan, Thomas J. Kipps, Shuo Ma, Sami Malek, Anthony Mato, Claudio Mosse, Vishala T. Neppalli, Mazyar Shadman, Tanya Siddiqi, Deborah Stephens, Nina Wagner, Mary A. Dwyer, and Hema Sundar

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is generally characterized by an indolent disease course. Histologic transformation (also known as Richter's transformation) to more aggressive lymphomas, such as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma or Hodgkin lymphoma, occurs in approximately 2% to 10% of patients and is associated with a poor prognosis. These NCCN Guidelines Insights discuss the recommendations for the diagnosis and management of patients with histologic transformation.

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NCCN Guidelines® Insights: Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, Version 3.2022

Featured Updates to the NCCN Guidelines

William G. Wierda, Jennifer Brown, Jeremy S. Abramson, Farrukh Awan, Syed F. Bilgrami, Greg Bociek, Danielle Brander, Asher A. Chanan-Khan, Steve E. Coutre, Randall S. Davis, Herbert Eradat, Christopher D. Fletcher, Sameh Gaballa, Armin Ghobadi, Muhammad Saad Hamid, Francisco Hernandez-Ilizaliturri, Brian Hill, Paul Kaesberg, Manali Kamdar, Lawrence D. Kaplan, Nadia Khan, Thomas J. Kipps, Shuo Ma, Anthony Mato, Claudio Mosse, Stephen Schuster, Tanya Siddiqi, Deborah M. Stephens, Chaitra Ujjani, Nina Wagner-Johnston, Jennifer A. Woyach, J. Christine Ye, Mary A. Dwyer, and Hema Sundar

The treatment landscape of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) has significantly evolved in recent years. Targeted therapy with Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors and BCL-2 inhibitors has emerged as an effective chemotherapy-free option for patients with previously untreated or relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL. Undetectable minimal residual disease after the end of treatment is emerging as an important predictor of progression-free and overall survival for patients treated with fixed-duration BCL-2 inhibitor-based treatment. These NCCN Guidelines Insights discuss the updates to the NCCN Guidelines for CLL/SLL specific to the use of chemotherapy-free treatment options for patients with treatment-naïve and relapsed/refractory disease.

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Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, Version 4.2020, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology

William G. Wierda, John C. Byrd, Jeremy S. Abramson, Syed F. Bilgrami, Greg Bociek, Danielle Brander, Jennifer Brown, Asher A. Chanan-Khan, Julio C. Chavez, Steve E. Coutre, Randall S. Davis, Christopher D. Fletcher, Brian Hill, Brad S. Kahl, Manali Kamdar, Lawrence D. Kaplan, Nadia Khan, Thomas J. Kipps, Megan S. Lim, Shuo Ma, Sami Malek, Anthony Mato, Claudio Mosse, Mazyar Shadman, Tanya Siddiqi, Deborah Stephens, Suchitra Sundaram, Nina Wagner, Mary Dwyer, and Hema Sundar

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) are characterized by a progressive accumulation of leukemic cells in the peripheral blood, bone marrow, and lymphoid tissues. Treatment of CLL/SLL has evolved significantly in recent years because of the improved understanding of the disease biology and the development of novel targeted therapies. In patients with indications for initiating treatment, the selection of treatment should be based on the disease stage, patient’s age and overall fitness (performance status and comorbid conditions), and cytogenetic abnormalities. This manuscript discusses the recommendations outlined in the NCCN Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patients with CLL/SLL.

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Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, Version 2.2024

William G. Wierda, Jennifer Brown, Jeremy S. Abramson, Farrukh Awan, Syed F. Bilgrami, Greg Bociek, Danielle Brander, Matthew Cortese, Larry Cripe, Randall S. Davis, Herbert Eradat, Bita Fakhri, Christopher D. Fletcher, Sameh Gaballa, Muhammad Saad Hamid, Brian Hill, Paul Kaesberg, Brad Kahl, Manali Kamdar, Thomas J. Kipps, Shuo Ma, Claudio Mosse, Shazia Nakhoda, Sameer Parikh, Andrew Schorr, Stephen Schuster, Madhav Seshadri, Tanya Siddiqi, Deborah M. Stephens, Meghan Thompson, Chaitra Ujjani, Riccardo Valdez, Nina Wagner-Johnston, Jennifer A. Woyach, Hema Sundar, and Mary Dwyer

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) are essentially different manifestations of the same disease that are similarly managed. A number of molecular and cytogenetic variables with prognostic implications have been identified. Undetectable minimal residual disease at the end of treatment with chemoimmunotherapy or venetoclax-based combination regimens is an independent predictor of improved survival among patients with previously untreated or relapsed/refractory CLL/SLL. The selection of treatment is based on the disease stage, presence or absence of del(17p) or TP53 mutation, immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region mutation status, patient age, performance status, comorbid conditions, and the agent’s toxicity profile. This manuscript discusses the recommendations outlined in the NCCN Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of patients with CLL/SLL.