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Rectal Cancer, Version 2.2018, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology

Al B. Benson III, Alan P. Venook, Mahmoud M. Al-Hawary, Lynette Cederquist, Yi-Jen Chen, Kristen K. Ciombor, Stacey Cohen, Harry S. Cooper, Dustin Deming, Paul F. Engstrom, Jean L. Grem, Axel Grothey, Howard S. Hochster, Sarah Hoffe, Steven Hunt, Ahmed Kamel, Natalie Kirilcuk, Smitha Krishnamurthi, Wells A. Messersmith, Jeffrey Meyerhardt, Mary F. Mulcahy, James D. Murphy, Steven Nurkin, Leonard Saltz, Sunil Sharma, David Shibata, John M. Skibber, Constantinos T. Sofocleous, Elena M. Stoffel, Eden Stotsky-Himelfarb, Christopher G. Willett, Evan Wuthrick, Kristina M. Gregory, Lisa Gurski, and Deborah A. Freedman-Cass

. Preoperative chemoRT may result in tumor downsizing and a decrease in tumor bulk (see “Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Therapy for Resectable Nonmetastatic Disease,” page 885); sphincter preservation may become possible in cases where initial tumor bulk prevented

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Factors Associated With Delays in Chemotherapy Initiation Among Patients With Breast Cancer at a Comprehensive Cancer Center

Katya Losk, Ines Vaz-Luis, Kristen Camuso, Rafael Batista, Max Lloyd, Mustafa Tukenmez, Mehra Golshan, Nancy U. Lin, and Craig A. Bunnell

In an era of increasing use of Oncotype DX to assist with chemotherapy treatment decisions, an aging population with comorbidities needing to be addressed, and the more prevalent use of MIR, it is not surprising that wait times to adjuvant therapy

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A Publicly Funded Clinical Trials Network: Do We Need It?

Margaret Tempero

landmark studies, such as those that defined adjuvant therapy in breast and colorectal cancers, two of the biggest success stories. So my answer to the title question is “yes,” we need a publicly funded clinical trials network. The pharmaceutical industry

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Combined Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy for Cervical Cancer

David H. Moore

with pelvic radiation therapy alone as adjuvant therapy after radical surgery in high-risk early-stage cancer of the cervix . J Clin Oncol 2000 ; 18 : 1606 – 1613 . 27 Clinical Announcement . National Cancer Institute. Concurrent

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Surgery in the Management of Small Cell Lung Cancer

Robert J. Downey and Lee M. Krug

-term survival after pulmonary resection for small cell carcinoma of the lung [comment] . Thorax 1989 ; 44 : 784 – 787 . 11 Shah SS Thompson J Goldstraw P . Results of operation without adjuvant therapy in the treatment of small cell lung cancer

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Pre-Judging Data: Benchmarking Clinical Significance Before Study Results Are Known

Harold J. Burstein

, hopefully unbiased, fashion. Let’s apply this strategy to two important trials in early-stage breast cancer; the HERA study, which compared 0 versus 1 versus 2 years of trastuzumab as adjuvant therapy for HER2-positive breast cancers (the comparison of 1

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Aromatase Inhibitors in Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Patients

Alyssa G. Rieber and Richard L. Theriault

. Lancet 2005 ; 365 : 60 – 62 . 16 Winer EP Hudis C Burstein HJ . American Society of Clinical Oncology Technology Assessment on the use of aromatase inhibitors as adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal women with hormone receptor-positive breast

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Vulvar Cancer, Version 1.2017, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology

Wui-Jin Koh, Benjamin E. Greer, Nadeem R. Abu-Rustum, Susana M. Campos, Kathleen R. Cho, Hye Sook Chon, Christina Chu, David Cohn, Marta Ann Crispens, Don S. Dizon, Oliver Dorigo, Patricia J. Eifel, Christine M. Fisher, Peter Frederick, David K. Gaffney, Ernest Han, Susan Higgins, Warner K. Huh, John R. Lurain III, Andrea Mariani, David Mutch, Christa Nagel, Larissa Nekhlyudov, Amanda Nickles Fader, Steven W. Remmenga, R. Kevin Reynolds, Todd Tillmanns, Stefanie Ueda, Fidel A. Valea, Emily Wyse, Catheryn M. Yashar, Nicole McMillian, and Jillian Scavone

has shifted from radical approaches to more conservative surgery with the addition of RT or chemoradiation. 15 Because the data are limited, trials are ongoing to identify optimal approaches for neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy, which may include

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Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma), Version 2.2021, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology

Frank Balis, Daniel M. Green, Clarke Anderson, Shelly Cook, Jasreman Dhillon, Kenneth Gow, Susan Hiniker, Rama Jasty-Rao, Chi Lin, Harold Lovvorn III, Iain MacEwan, Julian Martinez-Agosto, Elizabeth Mullen, Erin S. Murphy, Mark Ranalli, Daniel Rhee, Denise Rokitka, Elisabeth (Lisa) Tracy, Tamara Vern-Gross, Michael F. Walsh, Amy Walz, Jonathan Wickiser, Matthew Zapala, Ryan A. Berardi, and Miranda Hughes

those who are initially unresectable, or those with bilateral or metastatic disease. Risk assessment is done to determine the need for and type of adjuvant therapy after surgery (see Risk Assessment for FHWT [WILMS-F] in the algorithm). 10 , 64 Most

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Uterine Neoplasms, Version 1.2023, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology

Nadeem Abu-Rustum, Catheryn Yashar, Rebecca Arend, Emma Barber, Kristin Bradley, Rebecca Brooks, Susana M. Campos, Junzo Chino, Hye Sook Chon, Christina Chu, Marta Ann Crispens, Shari Damast, Christine M. Fisher, Peter Frederick, David K. Gaffney, Robert Giuntoli II, Ernest Han, Jordan Holmes, Brooke E. Howitt, Jayanthi Lea, Andrea Mariani, David Mutch, Christa Nagel, Larissa Nekhlyudov, Mirna Podoll, Ritu Salani, John Schorge, Jean Siedel, Rachel Sisodia, Pamela Soliman, Stefanie Ueda, Renata Urban, Stephanie L. Wethington, Emily Wyse, Kristine Zanotti, Nicole R. McMillian, and Shaili Aggarwal

that is necessary to determine disease status depends on preoperative and intraoperative assessment by experienced surgeons. Pathologic nodal assessment for apparent uterine-confined endometrial cancer informs both stage and adjuvant therapy. However