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R. Michael Tuttle, Douglas W. Ball, David Byrd, Gilbert H. Daniels, Raza A. Dilawari, Gerard M. Doherty, Quan-Yang Duh, Hormoz Ehya, William B. Farrar, Robert I. Haddad, Fouad Kandeel, Richard T. Kloos, Peter Kopp, Dominick M. Lamonica, Thom R. Loree, William M. Lydiatt, Judith McCaffrey, John A. Olson Jr., Lee Parks, John A. Ridge, Jatin P. Shah, Steven I. Sherman, Cord Sturgeon, Steven G. Waguespack, Thomas N. Wang, and Lori J. Wirth

aerodigestive tract compression or invasion are reported by up to 15% of patients with sporadic disease. 7 Symptoms from distant metastases in the lungs or bones occur in 5% to 10% of patients. The ability of the tumor to secrete measurable quantities of

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Justin A. Chen, Naseem Esteghamat, Edward J. Kim, Gabriel Garcia, Jun Gong, Marwan G. Fakih, Richard J. Bold, and May T. Cho

treated initially with FOLFOX (5-FU/leucovorin/oxaliplatin). However, response imaging after 7 cycles showed progressive disease with new liver and lung metastases. He subsequently received 5 cycles of irinotecan and cetuximab but developed a small bowel

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Stephen J. Bagley, Suzanna Talento, Nandita Mitra, Neal J. Meropol, Roger B. Cohen, Corey J. Langer, and Anil Vachani

, including brain metastases, hemoptysis, or anticoagulation use. Survival Outcomes The primary outcome was OS, defined as the number of months from administration of first chemotherapy agent for metastatic disease until the date of death or end of the

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Julie Hallet, Calvin Law, Simron Singh, Alyson Mahar, Sten Myrehaug, Victoria Zuk, Haoyu Zhao, Wing Chan, Angela Assal, and Natalie Coburn

gastric, small intestinal, colonic, and rectal. Metastatic disease was defined using ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes and divided into synchronous metastases (metastasis code ≤6 months from the date of NET diagnosis) and metachronous metastases (metastasis code >6

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Puneeth Iyengar and Robert D. Timmerman

II NSCLC and isolated tumor metastases to the lungs, the standard approach to treatment has historically been surgical resection. For surgically resected stage I lesions, the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate is 60% to 70% in several series. 14 , 15

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Matthew E. Nielsen, Bruce J. Trock, and Patrick C. Walsh

secondary local therapy may interrupt the natural history of disease and prevent progression to systemic disease. A basic question in this context is the extent to which this sequence of events—versus the presence of occult metastases at surgery

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George D. Demetri, Robert S. Benjamin, Charles D. Blanke, Jean-Yves Blay, Paolo Casali, Haesun Choi, Christopher L. Corless, Maria Debiec-Rychter, Ronald P. DeMatteo, David S. Ettinger, George A. Fisher, Christopher D. M. Fletcher, Alessandro Gronchi, Peter Hohenberger, Miranda Hughes, Heikki Joensuu, Ian Judson, Axel Le Cesne, Robert G. Maki, Michael Morse, Alberto S. Pappo, Peter W. T. Pisters, Chandrajit P. Raut, Peter Reichardt, Douglas S. Tyler, Annick D. Van den Abbeele, Margaret von Mehren, Jeffrey D. Wayne, and John Zalcberg

%) are less common primary sites. 14 A few GISTs occur within the abdomen and retroperitoneum but show no clear anatomic association with the GI tract. 15 Liver metastases and/or dissemination within the abdominal cavity are the usual clinical

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Siddhartha Yadav, Sri Harsha Tella, Anuhya Kommalapati, Kristin Mara, Kritika Prasai, Mohamed Hamdy Mady, Mohamed Hassan, Rory L. Smoot, Sean P. Cleary, Mark J. Truty, Lewis R. Roberts, and Amit Mahipal

( Table 2 ). On MVA, age, ECOG performance status, presence of distant metastases, ALP level >200 U/L, and HgB level <9 g/dL were shown to determine median OS ( Table 3 ). Tumor size ≥5 cm was associated with an elevated hazard ratio (HR) of 1.24 compared

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George D. Demetri, Margaret von Mehren, Cristina R. Antonescu, Ronald P. DeMatteo, Kristen N. Ganjoo, Robert G. Maki, Peter W.T. Pisters, Chandrajit P. Raut, Richard F. Riedel, Scott Schuetze, Hema M. Sundar, Jonathan C. Trent, and Jeffrey D. Wayne

stromal tumors. 15 Recurrence after resection is predominantly intra-abdominal, and the liver is the most common site of recurrence in patients with primary presentation and those with metastatic disease at presentation. 16 Lymph node metastases are

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Maral DerSarkissian, Shuanglian Li, Aaron Galaznik, Rachel Bhak, Iryna Bocharova, Thomas Kulalert, Huamao M. Lin, Hui Huang, and Mei Sheng Duh

.5%). Among 83 TN and 47 RR patients with known ECOG score at advanced diagnosis, most had score 0–1 (TN: 56.3%; RR: 62.0%). Central nervous system metastases were observed in 35.2% of TN and 33.8% of RR patients. While 45.3% of TN patients received any