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Jessica D. McDermott, Megan Eguchi, Rustain Morgan, Arya Amini, Julie A. Goddard, Evelinn A. Borrayo, and Sana D. Karam

to the ongoing genius of American medicine.” More than 30 years later, such disparities persist. In this updated SEER-Medicare analysis, Black NH race continues to function as a critical risk factor for worst CSS outcomes in HNC. We identified late

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Howard A. Chang, Saro H. Armenian, and Thanh H. Dellinger

-positive, but none of the 6 tested patients with LSIL were HPV-positive, implicating non-specific therapy-related changes. Significant risk factors for the development of HSIL (regardless of HPV status) included unrelated human leukocyte antigen–matched donor

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Julie R. Gralow, J. Sybil Biermann, Azeez Farooki, Monica N. Fornier, Robert F. Gagel, Rashmi N. Kumar, Charles L. Shapiro, Andrew Shields, Matthew R. Smith, Sandy Srinivas, and Catherine H. Van Poznak

falls among older adults—United States, 1993-2003 and 2001-2005 . MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2006 ; 55 : 1221 – 1224 . 26 Tinetti ME Speechley M Ginter SF . Risk factors for falls among elderly persons living in the community . N Eng J Med

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Timothy Gilligan, Daniel W. Lin, Rahul Aggarwal, David Chism, Nicholas Cost, Ithaar H. Derweesh, Hamid Emamekhoo, Darren R. Feldman, Daniel M. Geynisman, Steven L. Hancock, Chad LaGrange, Ellis G. Levine, Thomas Longo, Will Lowrance, Bradley McGregor, Paul Monk, Joel Picus, Phillip Pierorazio, Soroush Rais-Bahrami, Philip Saylor, Kanishka Sircar, David C. Smith, Katherine Tzou, Daniel Vaena, David Vaughn, Kosj Yamoah, Jonathan Yamzon, Alyse Johnson-Chilla, Jennifer Keller, and Lenora A. Pluchino

fertility. 28 – 31 If sperm banking is desired, it may be performed before orchiectomy in patients with risk factors for infertility (atrophic contralateral testicle, history of infertility), but certainly should be considered before subsequent therapy in

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Michael B. Streiff, Bjorn Holmstrom, Aneel Ashrani, Paula L. Bockenstedt, Carolyn Chesney, Charles Eby, John Fanikos, Randolph B. Fenninger, Annemarie E. Fogerty, Shuwei Gao, Samuel Z. Goldhaber, Paul Hendrie, Nicole Kuderer, Alfred Lee, Jason T. Lee, Mirjana Lovrincevic, Michael M. Millenson, Anne T. Neff, Thomas L. Ortel, Rita Paschal, Sanford Shattil, Tanya Siddiqi, Kristi J. Smock, Gerald Soff, Tzu-Fei Wang, Gary C. Yee, Anaadriana Zakarija, Nicole McMillian, and Anita M. Engh

mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for cancer, 17 – 19 and is more prevalent among patients with cancer compared with the general population. Various estimates have been reported for the fraction of cancer cases attributable to obesity, ranging from 3

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Tobin Strom, Javier F. Torres-Roca, Akash Parekh, Arash O. Naghavi, Jimmy J. Caudell, Daniel E. Oliver, Jane L. Messina, Nikhil I. Khushalani, Jonathan S. Zager, Amod Sarnaik, James J. Mulé, Andy M. Trotti, Steven A. Eschrich, Vernon K. Sondak, and Louis B. Harrison

Background Node-positive cutaneous melanoma is heterogeneous, with 5-year survival rates ranging from 40% to 79%. 1 Many risk factors have been shown to be generally associated with regional recurrence following lymphadenectomy, including

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Julie R. Gralow, J. Sybil Biermann, Azeez Farooki, Monica N. Fornier, Robert F. Gagel, Rashmi Kumar, Georgia Litsas, Rana McKay, Donald A. Podoloff, Sandy Srinivas, and Catherine H. Van Poznak

effects on bone metabolism. The hormone deprivation state resulting from certain cancer therapies enhances osteoclastic bone resorption, promoting bone loss. Osteoporosis risk factors unique to patients with cancer include chemotherapy-induced menopause

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Jeffrey Crawford, David C. Dale, Nicole M. Kuderer, Eva Culakova, Marek S. Poniewierski, Debra Wolff, and Gary H. Lyman

2005 ; 23 : 569 – 575 . 16. Lyman GH Lyman CH Agboola O . Risk models for predicting chemotherapy-induced neutropenia . Oncologist 2005 ; 10 : 427 – 437 . 17. Gomez H Hidalgo M Casanova L . Risk factors for treatment

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John Charlson, Elizabeth C. Smith, Alicia J. Smallwood, Purushottam W. Laud, and Joan M. Neuner

along with other risk factors for fracture. 3 , 5 – 8 Although a few studies early in the use of AIs suggested that adherence to these guidelines was suboptimal, 9 – 13 there are few recent data. As consensus about the importance of AIs in HT regimens

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Pilar de la Morena Barrio, María Ángeles Vicente Conesa, Enrique González-Billalabeitia, Edgar Urrego, Elisa García-Garre, Elena García-Martínez, Marta Zafra Poves, Vicente Vicente, and Francisco Ayala de la Peña

have DM. 14 , 15 Because DM is itself a cause of peripheral neuropathy, PIPN might be more prevalent and severe in patients with breast cancer and DM. However, the available evidence is limited for considering DM a risk factor for PIPN. Several case