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Nina N. Sanford, David J. Sher, Xiaohan Xu, Chul Ahn, Anthony V. D’Amico, Ayal A. Aizer, and Brandon A. Mahal

Background Alcohol use has been identified as a risk factor for several malignancies, including cancers of the head and neck, esophagus, colorectum, liver, and breast. 1 – 3 Epidemiologic studies have shown that higher alcohol consumption over

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Andrea K. Ng and Lois B. Travis

.9%. 61 Although these excesses are largely related to preexisting breast cancer risk factors, prior radiation therapy, especially treatment at a young age, may contribute to the increased risk. 28 - 30 , 62 In early case-control studies by Storm et al

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Robert Torrey, Philippe E. Spiess, Sumanta K. Pal, and David Josephson

study from MD Anderson Cancer Center, adverse risk factors were described as positive local recurrence margin, increased size of recurrence, presence of sarcomatoid features, and abnormal serum alkaline phosphatase or lactate dehydrogenase. Patients with

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Margaret A. Tempero, J. Pablo Arnoletti, Stephen Behrman, Edgar Ben-Josef, Al B. Benson III, Jordan D. Berlin, John L. Cameron, Ephraim S. Casper, Steven J. Cohen, Michelle Duff, Joshua D.I. Ellenhorn, William G. Hawkins, John P. Hoffman, Boris W. Kuvshinoff II, Mokenge P. Malafa, Peter Muscarella II, Eric K. Nakakura, Aaron R. Sasson, Sarah P. Thayer, Douglas S. Tyler, Robert S. Warren, Samuel Whiting, Christopher Willett, and Robert A. Wolff

unanimously endorses participation in a clinical trial as the preferred option over standard or accepted therapy. Risk Factors and Genetic Predisposition Although the associated increase in risk is small, the development of pancreatic cancer is firmly

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Presenter: Javid J. Moslehi

-oncology. “Common risk factors predispose people to both cardiovascular disease and cancer. This has major implications for patients about to undergo systemic cancer treatment and also implications for survivorship,” he told the audience at the NCCN 2020 Virtual

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Abiy Agiro, Andrea DeVries, Jennifer Malin, and Michael J. Fisch

Factors recommend febrile neutropenia (FN) prophylaxis using a colony-stimulating factor (CSF) when risk, based on the chemotherapy regimen and patient risk factors, is “high” (>20%). 7 CSF prophylaxis may also be considered based on patient risk factors

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Christopher K. Bichakjian, Thomas Olencki, Sumaira Z. Aasi, Murad Alam, James S. Andersen, Rachel Blitzblau, Glen M. Bowen, Carlo M. Contreras, Gregory A. Daniels, Roy Decker, Jeffrey M. Farma, Kris Fisher, Brian Gastman, Karthik Ghosh, Roy C. Grekin, Kenneth Grossman, Alan L. Ho, Karl D. Lewis, Manisha Loss, Daniel D. Lydiatt, Jane Messina, Kishwer S. Nehal, Paul Nghiem, Igor Puzanov, Chrysalyne D. Schmults, Ashok R. Shaha, Valencia Thomas, Yaohui G. Xu, John A. Zic, Karin G. Hoffmann, and Anita M. Engh

– 7 , 17 , 19 , 22 , 30 , 31 and depend on stage at presentation. 5 – 7 , 15 , 17 , 19 - 22 , 26 , 30 , 32 – 34 Risk Factors for MCC Sun exposure is believed to be a major risk factor for MCC, based on increased incidence in geographical areas

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Jessica D. McDermott, Megan Eguchi, Rustain Morgan, Arya Amini, Julie A. Goddard, Evelinn A. Borrayo, and Sana D. Karam

to the ongoing genius of American medicine.” More than 30 years later, such disparities persist. In this updated SEER-Medicare analysis, Black NH race continues to function as a critical risk factor for worst CSS outcomes in HNC. We identified late

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Howard A. Chang, Saro H. Armenian, and Thanh H. Dellinger

-positive, but none of the 6 tested patients with LSIL were HPV-positive, implicating non-specific therapy-related changes. Significant risk factors for the development of HSIL (regardless of HPV status) included unrelated human leukocyte antigen–matched donor

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Julie R. Gralow, J. Sybil Biermann, Azeez Farooki, Monica N. Fornier, Robert F. Gagel, Rashmi N. Kumar, Charles L. Shapiro, Andrew Shields, Matthew R. Smith, Sandy Srinivas, and Catherine H. Van Poznak

falls among older adults—United States, 1993-2003 and 2001-2005 . MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2006 ; 55 : 1221 – 1224 . 26 Tinetti ME Speechley M Ginter SF . Risk factors for falls among elderly persons living in the community . N Eng J Med