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Lyndsay J. Willmott, Daniele A. Sumner, and Bradley J. Monk

, because high tumor vascularity was associated with lower locoregional control and overall survival. Contrast-enhanced dynamic MRI (CD-MRI) is an imaging modality that can be used to measure vessel permeability, tumor cellular volume, and vascular volume

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Umang Shah and Tara Morrison

seizures. 2 Cerebral edema is easily visible on both CT and MRI. On CT, it causes an area of low signal, whereas on MRI it increases T2 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) signal. Since their introduction in 1957 as a treatment for cerebral

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George D. Demetri, Scott Antonia, Robert S. Benjamin, Marilyn M. Bui, Ephraim S. Casper, Ernest U. Conrad III, Thomas F. DeLaney, Kristen N. Ganjoo, Martin J. Heslin, Raymond J. Hutchinson, John M. Kane III, G. Douglas Letson, Sean V. McGarry, Richard J. O'Donnell, I. Benjamin Paz, John D. Pfeifer, Raphael E. Pollock, R. Lor Randall, Richard F. Riedel, Karen D. Schupak, Herbert S. Schwartz, Katherine Thornton, Margaret von Mehren, and Jeffrey Wayne

and contiguity to nearby visceral structures and neurovascular landmarks. The propensities to spread to various locations vary among the subtypes of sarcoma. Therefore, imaging should be individualized based on the subtype of sarcoma. MRI with or

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Christopher Loiselle and Wui-Jin Koh

alter the arrangement of surrounding normal tissues. Tumor regression during treatment is a fortunate, though complex, reality and renders target definition based on a single preradiation CT scan less dependable. Serial MRI has been used to

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Keli Turner, Sheelu Varghese, and H. Richard Alexander

CT scans and tissue biopsy with appropriate immunohistochemical staining. Although CT scan is the diagnostic imaging most commonly used, MRI using specific acquisition protocols may be increasingly used in the future. 20 The role of PET or PET/CT is

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Gauri R. Varadhachary

mammography and ultrasound, bilateral breast MRI is a sensitive modality to evaluate for occult primary breast carcinoma. 12 – 14 Conventional workup for neck adenopathy presenting as squamous cell carcinoma CUP includes either CT or MRI and triple endoscopy

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Ali Mokdad, Travis Browning, John C. Mansour, Hao Zhu, Amit G. Singal, and Adam C. Yopp

on characteristic radiographic imaging on dynamic contrasted-enhanced CT or MRI. Most of these diagnostic imaging studies are ordered by primary care physicians, who are at the beginning of the cancer care continuum and must not only discern an

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Donald A. Podoloff, Douglas W. Ball, Edgar Ben-Josef, Al B. Benson III, Steven J. Cohen, R. Edward Coleman, Dominique Delbeke, Maria Ho, David H. Ilson, Gregory P. Kalemkerian, Richard J. Lee, Jay S. Loeffler, Homer A. Macapinlac, Robert J. Morgan Jr., Barry Alan Siegel, Seema Singhal, Douglas S. Tyler, and Richard J. Wong

Franz M . Reirradiation of recurrent high-grade gliomas using amino acid PET (SPECT)/CT/MRI image fusion to determine gross tumor volume for stereotactic fractionated radiotherapy . Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2005 ; 63 : 511 – 519 . 49

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Marta Penas-Prado, Terri S. Armstrong, and Mark R. Gilbert

. Some of these barriers can be overcome by using telehealth resources to discuss patient management across local and specialized centers. Incorporate MRI Standards and Criteria for Progression The current NCCN Guidelines do not provide specific

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Christopher K. Bichakjian, Thomas Olencki, Murad Alam, James S. Andersen, Daniel Berg, Glen M. Bowen, Richard T. Cheney, Gregory A. Daniels, L. Frank Glass, Roy C. Grekin, Kenneth Grossman, Alan L. Ho, Karl D. Lewis, Daniel D. Lydiatt, William H. Morrison, Kishwer S. Nehal, Kelly C. Nelson, Paul Nghiem, Clifford S. Perlis, Ashok R. Shaha, Wade L. Thorstad, Malika Tuli, Marshall M. Urist, Timothy S. Wang, Andrew E. Werchniak, Sandra L. Wong, John A. Zic, Karin G. Hoffmann, Nicole R. McMillian, and Maria Ho

metastatic potential of this tumor. PET/CT scanning is gaining importance in diagnostic imaging of MCC and may be preferred in some instances. CT or MRI may be used if PET/CT is not available. In a review of 102 patients, PET/CT changed the stage and