An estimated 11,150 new cases of cervical cancer will be diagnosed in the United States in 2007; 3670 deaths are expected from the disease. Although cervical cancer rates are decreasing among women in the United States, it remains a major world health problem. It is the third most common cancer in women worldwide, with 78% of cases occurring in developing countries. Because persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is considered the most important factor contributing to the development of cervical cancer, immunization against HPV is expected to prevent some cancer. The NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology discuss this and other epidemiologic risk factors, as well as treatment options.
For the most recent version of the guidelines, please visit NCCN.org