checkpoint inhibitor monoclonal antibody, demonstrated efficacy and clinically meaningful improvement in pt-reported outcomes (PROs) in pts with relapsed/refractory cHL in cohorts A, B, and C of CheckMate 205 (NCT02181738) (Armand et al, J Clin Oncol 2018
HSR19-107: Nivolumab for Newly Diagnosed Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma: Patient-Reported Outcomes From CheckMate 205 Cohort D
Radhakrishnan Ramchandren, Stephen M. Ansell, Philippe Armand, Andreas Engert, Fiona Taylor, Kim Cocks, Clara Chen, Bryan Bennett, Alejandro Moreno-Koehler, Adam Roeder, Anne Sumbul, Mariana Sacchi, and David Cella
EPR19-070: Incidence Pattern of Malignant Lymphoma by Cell-Lineage/Cell-Maturity Status in Nagasaki, Japan, 1985–2012: Preliminary Results
Thi My Hanh Luong, Daisuke Niino, Hisayoshi Kondo, Shiro Miura, Masahiro Nakashima, and Masako Iwanaga
Nagasaki Prefectural Cancer Registry. From those, we excluded 1,477 records because of codes other than ML, diagnosed before 1985, and possible relapse records of identical cases. Records based on ICD-O-1 or ICD-O-2 were substituted by the corresponding ICD
HSR19-084: Real-World Treatment Patterns and Clinical Outcomes in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients with EGFR Exon 20 Insertion Mutations
Maral DerSarkissian, Shuanglian Li, Aaron Galaznik, Rachel Bhak, Iryna Bocharova, Thomas Kulalert, Huamao M. Lin, Hui Huang, and Mei Sheng Duh
: Flatiron Health electronic health record data, largely from community oncology practices, from January 2011–April 2018 were used for this retrospective observational study. Treatment-naïve (TN) and relapsed/refractory (RR) second-line patients diagnosed
Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer, Version 3.2022, NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology
David S. Ettinger, Douglas E. Wood, Dara L. Aisner, Wallace Akerley, Jessica R. Bauman, Ankit Bharat, Debora S. Bruno, Joe Y. Chang, Lucian R. Chirieac, Thomas A. D’Amico, Malcolm DeCamp, Thomas J. Dilling, Jonathan Dowell, Scott Gettinger, Travis E. Grotz, Matthew A. Gubens, Aparna Hegde, Rudy P. Lackner, Michael Lanuti, Jules Lin, Billy W. Loo Jr., Christine M. Lovly, Fabien Maldonado, Erminia Massarelli, Daniel Morgensztern, Thomas Ng, Gregory A. Otterson, Jose M. Pacheco, Sandip P. Patel, Gregory J. Riely, Jonathan Riess, Steven E. Schild, Theresa A. Shapiro, Aditi P. Singh, James Stevenson, Alda Tam, Tawee Tanvetyanon, Jane Yanagawa, Stephen C. Yang, Edwin Yau, Kristina Gregory, and Miranda Hughes
NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines) for Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) provide recommended management for patients with NSCLC, including diagnosis, primary treatment, surveillance for relapse, and subsequent treatment. Patients with metastatic lung cancer who are eligible for targeted therapies or immunotherapies are now surviving longer. This selection from the NCCN Guidelines for NSCLC focuses on targeted therapies for patients with metastatic NSCLC and actionable mutations.
Hodgkin Disease/Lymphoma Clinical Practice Guidelines
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Cure rates for Hodgkin disease/lymphoma have increased to such an extent that the overriding treatment considerations often relate to long-term toxicity, especially for patients with early- or intermediate-stage disease. Current management programs are based on comprehensive clinical staging followed by combined modality therapy for patients with favorable and intermediate prognosis, or chemotherapy alone for patients with advanced disease. Relapse is uncommon, but secondary management with peripheral stem cell transplantation may be effective. The excellent prognosis for these patients mandates careful long-term follow-up to detect late treatment effects.
For the most recent version of the guidelines, please visit NCCN.org
Surgery for Early-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer
Bryan J. Schneider, Ashish Saxena, and Robert J. Downey
Limited-stage small cell lung cancer remains one of the more frustrating malignancies to treat. Current standard of care typically includes platinum-based chemotherapy with thoracic radiation, and although response to therapy is high, most patients will ultimately experience relapse and die of recurrent disease. No high-level data exist supporting surgical resection of early-stage disease; however, several retrospective reviews and small single-arm studies suggest surgery may benefit patients with very limited extent of disease. This article reviews the available literature, and proposes guidelines for including potentially curative resection in the management of patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer.
Small Cell Lung Cancer
UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for 15% of lung cancers. Nearly all cases of SCLC are attributable to cigarette smoking, and the remaining cases are presumably caused by environmental or genetic factors. Compared with non-small cell lung cancer, SCLC generally has a more rapid doubling time, a higher growth fraction, and earlier development of widespread metastases. SCLC is highly sensitive to initial chemotherapy and radiotherapy, but most patients eventually die from recurrent disease. These guidelines detail the management of SCLC from initial diagnosis and staging through treatment, and include information on supportive and palliative care. Important updates to the 2008 version include refined categories for performance status and the addition of topotecan as an option for patients who experience relapse.
For the most recent version of the guidelines, please visit NCCN.org
New First-Line Systemic Treatment Options for Metastatic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Presented by: Michael K. Gibson
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive malignancy with histologic variability depending on where in the world it is diagnosed, with most of these cancers occurring in China and other parts of Asia. Previous studies with cytotoxic chemotherapy combinations led to a plateau median overall survival of approximately 10 to 12 months, as well as a need for more effective treatment options. Cytotoxic chemotherapy served as the control arm in 3 studies that evaluated the safety and efficacy of immunotherapy + chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone; in all 3 prospective randomized trials, the addition of immunotherapy resulted in a survival benefit in the first-line relapsed/metastatic setting. Data support these immunotherapy regimens as new standard-of-care systemic therapy options for unresectable, locally advanced, recurrent or metastatic esophageal cancers, and these regimens have now been incorporated into the NCCN Guidelines.
The Quickening Pace of Oncology Research
Rodger J. Winn
in relapsed, refractory myeloma . N Engl J Med 2003 ; 348 : 2609 - 2617 .
The Aromatase Inhibitors as Adjuvant Therapy for Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer
Jennifer A. Ligibel and Eric P. Winer
Adjuvant hormonal therapy has been shown to decrease the risk of breast cancer recurrence and overall mortality in patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Tamoxifen has been used in this setting for many years, both in premenopausal and postmenopausal patients. Tamoxifen is not devoid of toxicity, and attempts have been made to develop newer hormonal agents with better efficacy and less toxicity. The aromatase inhibitors have shown equivalent or superior efficacy to tamoxifen in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer, and efforts are underway to determine the role of these agents in early breast cancer. The ATAC trial recently showed that use of the third-generation aromatase inhibitor anastrozole in the adjuvant setting led to a modest improvement in relapse-free survival as compared with tamoxifen. Patients treated with anastrozole were also less likely to develop uterine cancer or experience a thromboembolic event. However, patients treated with anastrozole were more likely than those treated with tamoxifen to suffer a fracture or other musculosketal problem. An ASCO technology assessment panel reviewed the relevant data and issued a consensus statement regarding the use of aromatase inhibitors in the adjuvant setting. In general, the panel favored the continued use of tamoxifen as adjuvant hormonal therapy for most postmenopausal women. Within the next few years, further data from the ATAC trial and from other trials of aromatase inhibitors in the adjuvant setting should be available to guide treatment recommendations for this patient population.