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Courtney P. Williams, Andres Azuero, Kelly M. Kenzik, Maria Pisu, Ryan D. Nipp, Smita Bhatia, and Gabrielle B. Rocque

the risk of death compared with standard chemotherapy, 27 and overtreatment with lumpectomy plus tamoxifen and radiation therapy has shown no benefit compared with lumpectomy plus adjuvant therapy with tamoxifen alone. 28 In our study of patients

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Robert W. Carlson, Susan J. Moench, M. Elizabeth H. Hammond, Edith A. Perez, Harold J. Burstein, D. Craig Allred, Charles L. Vogel, Lori J. Goldstein, George Somlo, William J. Gradishar, Clifford A. Hudis, Mohammad Jahanzeb, Azadeh Stark, Antonio C. Wolff, Michael F. Press, Eric P. Winer, Soonmyung Paik, Britt-Marie Ljung, and for the NCCN HER2 Testing in Breast Cancer Task Force

amplification and response to either tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors. 85 , 88 – 91 Despite inconsistent data, however, HER2 status has been, and may continue to be, considered in clinical decision-making involving hormonal therapies. 92 Trastuzumab with

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William J. Gradishar, Benjamin O. Anderson, Ron Balassanian, Sarah L. Blair, Harold J. Burstein, Amy Cyr, Anthony D. Elias, William B. Farrar, Andres Forero, Sharon Hermes Giordano, Matthew Goetz, Lori J. Goldstein, Clifford A. Hudis, Steven J. Isakoff, P. Kelly Marcom, Ingrid A. Mayer, Beryl McCormick, Meena Moran, Sameer A. Patel, Lori J. Pierce, Elizabeth C. Reed, Kilian E. Salerno, Lee S. Schwartzberg, Karen Lisa Smith, Mary Lou Smith, Hatem Soliman, George Somlo, Melinda Telli, John H. Ward, Dorothy A. Shead, and Rashmi Kumar

lumpectomy alone, both with tamoxifen for 5 years. Locoregional recurrence rates were 1% in the lumpectomy, radiation, and tamoxifen arm and 4% in the lumpectomy plus tamoxifen arm. No differences were seen in overall survival, disease-free survival, or need

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Robert A. Swarm, Amy Pickar Abernethy, Doralina L. Anghelescu, Costantino Benedetti, Sorin Buga, Charles Cleeland, Oscar A. deLeon-Casasola, June G. Eilers, Betty Ferrell, Mark Green, Nora A. Janjan, Mihir M. Kamdar, Michael H. Levy, Maureen Lynch, Rachel M. McDowell, Natalie Moryl, Suzanne A. Nesbit, Judith A. Paice, Michael W. Rabow, Karen L. Syrjala, Susan G. Urba, Sharon M. Weinstein, Mary Dwyer, and Rashmi Kumar

are known inhibitors of hepatic drug metabolism via inhibition of cytochrome P450 enzymes, especially CYP2D6. Tamoxifen is an estrogen receptor blocker commonly used in patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Tamoxifen undergoes

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Laura M. Spring, Yael Bar, and Steven J. Isakoff

women. 66 , 70 , 71 Among postmenopausal women, it is well established that aromatase inhibitors are more effective than tamoxifen. 66 , 72 , 73 Several studies have explored combination approaches with endocrine therapy and targeted therapy. For

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Oxana Palesh, Arianna Aldridge-Gerry, Ayhan Ulusakarya, Elisabet Ortiz-Tudela, Lucile Capuron, and Pasquale F. Innominato

relationship between sleep and age in patients and survivors diagnosed with breast cancer. Cancer Treatments Lorizio et al 33 reported that women with higher levels of endoxifen, the most active metabolite of tamoxifen, were more likely to experience

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Stephen B. Edge

-inferiority phase 3 trial . Lancet 2010 ; 376 : 91 – 102 . 32 Hughes KS Schnaper LA Berry D . Lumpectomy plus tamoxifen with or without irradiation in women 70 years of age or older with early breast cancer . N Engl J Med 2004 ; 351 : 971 – 977

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Renee W. Pinsky and Mark A. Helvie

density changes risk. Tamoxifen has been proven to decrease breast cancer risk and cause decreased breast density in many women. 35 Making the mammogram less dense may also diminish the effect of masking. The antiestrogen effect of tamoxifen in the breast

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NCCN Guidelines® Insights: Breast Cancer, Version 4.2021

Featured Updates to the NCCN Guidelines

William J. Gradishar, Meena S. Moran, Jame Abraham, Rebecca Aft, Doreen Agnese, Kimberly H. Allison, Sarah L. Blair, Harold J. Burstein, Chau Dang, Anthony D. Elias, Sharon H. Giordano, Matthew P. Goetz, Lori J. Goldstein, Sara A. Hurvitz, Steven J. Isakoff, Rachel C. Jankowitz, Sara H. Javid, Jairam Krishnamurthy, Marilyn Leitch, Janice Lyons, Jennifer Matro, Ingrid A. Mayer, Joanne Mortimer, Ruth M. O'Regan, Sameer A. Patel, Lori J. Pierce, Hope S. Rugo, Amy Sitapati, Karen Lisa Smith, Mary Lou Smith, Hatem Soliman, Erica M. Stringer-Reasor, Melinda L. Telli, John H. Ward, Kari B. Wisinski, Jessica S. Young, Jennifer L. Burns, and Rashmi Kumar

-receptor status and outcomes of modern chemotherapy for patients with node-positive breast cancer . JAMA 2006 ; 295 : 1658 – 1667 . 16609087 10.1001/jama.295.14.1658 4. Paik S , Shak S , Tang G , A multigene assay to predict recurrence of tamoxifen

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Kilian E. Salerno

. Hughes KS Schnaper LA Bellon JR . Lumpectomy plus tamoxifen with or without irradiation in women age 70 years or older with early breast cancer: long-term follow-up of CALGB 9343 . J Clin Oncol 2013 ; 31 : 2382 – 2387 . 6. Kunkler IH