The treatment algorithms presented in JNCCN are a statement of evidence and consensus of the authors regarding their views of currently accepted approaches to treatment. Any clinician seeking to apply or consult these guidelines is expected to use independent medical judgment in the context of individual circumstances to determine any patient’s care or treatment. The research articles, reviews, and other individually authored papers presented herein are the work of the authors listed. Furthermore, the reader is advised that, except where specifically stated, all of the ideas and opinions expressed in JNCCN are the authors’ own and do not necessarily reflect those of NCCN, the member organizations, the editor, or the publisher. Publication of an advertisement or other product mention in JNCCN should not be construed as an endorsement of the product or the manufacturer’s claims.

The information contained in JNCCN is presented for the purpose of educating our readership on cancer treatment and management. The information should not be relied on as complete or accurate, nor should it be relied on to suggest a course of treatment for a particular individual. It should not be used in place of a visit, call, consultation, or the advice of a licensed physician or other qualified healthcare provider. Patients with healthcare–related questions or concerns are advised to contact a physician or other qualified healthcare provider promptly.

Although every attempt has been made to verify that information presented within is complete and accurate, the information is provided “AS IS” without warranty, express or implied. NCCN hereby excludes all implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular use or purpose with respect to the Information. Furthermore, NCCN makes no warranty as to the reliability, accuracy, timeliness, usefulness, adequacy, completeness, or suitability of the information.