HSR19-103: Burden of Self-Reported Mental Health Among Women With Cervical Cancer (CC) in the United States

Background: Globally, CC is the fourth most common cancer in women, with 569,847 new cases and 311,365 deaths from CC reported in 2018. Little is known about the burden of living with CC, especially related to mental health. This study examined patient-reported outcomes, including symptoms of depression and anxiety, amongst women with and without a diagnosis of CC. Methods: Data were aggregated from the 2016–2018 U.S. National Health and Wellness Surveys, a nationally representative, self-administered, internet-based survey of adults (N=247,484). Women who reported a physician-diagnosis of CC were matched 1:1 by propensity scores to a sample of women who did not report any cancer diagnoses. Propensity score matching was conducted using the following sociodemographic characteristics: age, race, possession of health insurance, smoking status, comorbidity status, body mass index, income, and year of survey completion. Bivariate analyses (ie, chi-square and t-tests) assessed differences in mental health outcomes between these 2 matched groups of female respondents. Outcomes included the following: (1) depressive severity via the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), (2) suicidal ideation via the PHQ-9 (ie, thoughts of being better off dead on several days or more during the past 2 weeks), (3) anxiety severity via the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale (GAD-7), and (4) healthcare resource use for mental health services (ie, visits to psychologists and psychiatrists during past 6 months). Results: Analyses of the propensity score matched sample of 1,044 women with a CC diagnosis versus 1,044 without a CC diagnosis showed that CC respondents reported significantly more severe scores of both depression (7.3 vs 6.0; P<.001) and anxiety (5.7 vs 4.7; P<.001). Although not statistically significant, a numerically greater proportion of CC respondents reported suicidal ideation during the past 2 weeks (19.0% vs 16.0%; P=.158). Respondents with CC were marginally more likely to visit a psychologist (8.6% vs 6.4%; P=.056) and were significantly more likely to visit a psychiatrist (8.6% vs 6.2%; P=.037) at least once during the prior 6 months than respondents without CC. Conclusions: CC is associated with mental health burden, including more severe symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as greater use of mental health services. This study highlights the likely impact of CC for both patients as well as the healthcare system

Abstract

Background: Globally, CC is the fourth most common cancer in women, with 569,847 new cases and 311,365 deaths from CC reported in 2018. Little is known about the burden of living with CC, especially related to mental health. This study examined patient-reported outcomes, including symptoms of depression and anxiety, amongst women with and without a diagnosis of CC. Methods: Data were aggregated from the 2016–2018 U.S. National Health and Wellness Surveys, a nationally representative, self-administered, internet-based survey of adults (N=247,484). Women who reported a physician-diagnosis of CC were matched 1:1 by propensity scores to a sample of women who did not report any cancer diagnoses. Propensity score matching was conducted using the following sociodemographic characteristics: age, race, possession of health insurance, smoking status, comorbidity status, body mass index, income, and year of survey completion. Bivariate analyses (ie, chi-square and t-tests) assessed differences in mental health outcomes between these 2 matched groups of female respondents. Outcomes included the following: (1) depressive severity via the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), (2) suicidal ideation via the PHQ-9 (ie, thoughts of being better off dead on several days or more during the past 2 weeks), (3) anxiety severity via the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale (GAD-7), and (4) healthcare resource use for mental health services (ie, visits to psychologists and psychiatrists during past 6 months). Results: Analyses of the propensity score matched sample of 1,044 women with a CC diagnosis versus 1,044 without a CC diagnosis showed that CC respondents reported significantly more severe scores of both depression (7.3 vs 6.0; P<.001) and anxiety (5.7 vs 4.7; P<.001). Although not statistically significant, a numerically greater proportion of CC respondents reported suicidal ideation during the past 2 weeks (19.0% vs 16.0%; P=.158). Respondents with CC were marginally more likely to visit a psychologist (8.6% vs 6.4%; P=.056) and were significantly more likely to visit a psychiatrist (8.6% vs 6.2%; P=.037) at least once during the prior 6 months than respondents without CC. Conclusions: CC is associated with mental health burden, including more severe symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as greater use of mental health services. This study highlights the likely impact of CC for both patients as well as the healthcare system

Background: Globally, CC is the fourth most common cancer in women, with 569,847 new cases and 311,365 deaths from CC reported in 2018. Little is known about the burden of living with CC, especially related to mental health. This study examined patient-reported outcomes, including symptoms of depression and anxiety, amongst women with and without a diagnosis of CC. Methods: Data were aggregated from the 2016–2018 U.S. National Health and Wellness Surveys, a nationally representative, self-administered, internet-based survey of adults (N=247,484). Women who reported a physician-diagnosis of CC were matched 1:1 by propensity scores to a sample of women who did not report any cancer diagnoses. Propensity score matching was conducted using the following sociodemographic characteristics: age, race, possession of health insurance, smoking status, comorbidity status, body mass index, income, and year of survey completion. Bivariate analyses (ie, chi-square and t-tests) assessed differences in mental health outcomes between these 2 matched groups of female respondents. Outcomes included the following: (1) depressive severity via the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), (2) suicidal ideation via the PHQ-9 (ie, thoughts of being better off dead on several days or more during the past 2 weeks), (3) anxiety severity via the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale (GAD-7), and (4) healthcare resource use for mental health services (ie, visits to psychologists and psychiatrists during past 6 months). Results: Analyses of the propensity score matched sample of 1,044 women with a CC diagnosis versus 1,044 without a CC diagnosis showed that CC respondents reported significantly more severe scores of both depression (7.3 vs 6.0; P<.001) and anxiety (5.7 vs 4.7; P<.001). Although not statistically significant, a numerically greater proportion of CC respondents reported suicidal ideation during the past 2 weeks (19.0% vs 16.0%; P=.158). Respondents with CC were marginally more likely to visit a psychologist (8.6% vs 6.4%; P=.056) and were significantly more likely to visit a psychiatrist (8.6% vs 6.2%; P=.037) at least once during the prior 6 months than respondents without CC. Conclusions: CC is associated with mental health burden, including more severe symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as greater use of mental health services. This study highlights the likely impact of CC for both patients as well as the healthcare system

Corresponding Author: Chizoba Nwankwo, PhD

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