NCCN Guidelines Insights: Central Nervous System Cancers, Version 1.2017

Authors:
Louis Burt Nabors From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Jana Portnow From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Mario Ammirati From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Joachim Baehring From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Henry Brem From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Nicholas Butowski From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Robert A. Fenstermaker From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Peter Forsyth From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Jona Hattangadi-Gluth From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Matthias Holdhoff From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Steven Howard From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Larry Junck From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Thomas Kaley From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Priya Kumthekar From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Jay S. Loeffler From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Paul L. Moots From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Maciej M. Mrugala From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Seema Nagpal From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Manjari Pandey From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Ian Parney From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Katherine Peters From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Vinay K. Puduvalli From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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John Ragsdale III From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Jason Rockhill From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Lisa Rogers From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Chad Rusthoven From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Nicole Shonka From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Dennis C. Shrieve From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Allen K. Sills Jr From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Lode J. Swinnen From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Christina Tsien From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Stephanie Weiss From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Patrick Yung Wen From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Nicole Willmarth From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Mary Anne Bergman From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Anita Engh From University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center; City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center; The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute; Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital; The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins; UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center; Roswell Park Cancer Institute; Moffitt Cancer Center; UC San Diego Moores Cancer Center; University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center; University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center; Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center; Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University; Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center; Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center; Mayo Clinic Cancer Center; Stanford Cancer Institute; St. Jude Children's Research Hospital/The University of Tennessee Health Science Center; Duke Cancer Institute; University of Washington/Seattle Cancer Care Alliance; Case Comprehensive Cancer Center/University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center and Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute; University of Colorado Cancer Center; Fred & Pamela Buffet Cancer Center; Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah; Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine; Fox Chase Cancer Center; Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center; American Brain Tumor Association; and National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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For many years, the diagnosis and classification of gliomas have been based on histology. Although studies including large populations of patients demonstrated the prognostic value of histologic phenotype, variability in outcomes within histologic groups limited the utility of this system. Nonetheless, histology was the only proven and widely accessible tool available at the time, thus it was used for clinical trial entry criteria, and therefore determined the recommended treatment options. Research to identify molecular changes that underlie glioma progression has led to the discovery of molecular features that have greater diagnostic and prognostic value than histology. Analyses of these molecular markers across populations from randomized clinical trials have shown that some of these markers are also predictive of response to specific types of treatment, which has prompted significant changes to the recommended treatment options for grade III (anaplastic) gliomas.

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