The United States of America has never seen anything like it. This presidential race is, well, unusual. And that's an understatement for sure! I don't think politics belongs in this column, so I won't go there (although secretly I want too!). But after listening to the candidates, I began to wonder what our patients are thinking. The candidates emphasize taking down terrorists (I get that), tax reform, fixing whatever is broken (not too many specifics there), protecting and improving the lives of children, and on and on. But I've heard very little about healthcare and even less about cancer care.
Historically, of course, the Republicans have wanted to repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA), but that doesn't seem likely. Even though it's not perfect, and many things could be improved, many Americans have benefitted from this legislation. Americans have more affordable choices, can get insurance even if they have pre-existing conditions, and can more easily change plans as their needs change.
But hearing more specifics on healthcare reform in the presidential platforms would be refreshing. At least we would know healthcare was on their radar. Legitimate concerns exist about whether the ACA implementation has affected access to high-quality care. For example, is your plan so narrow that you can't get the specialized care you need? Or did you get locked into a tiered formulary that calls for higher out-of-pocket costs on certain drugs? We need some way to monitor this so we can understand how the changes have affected our patients. That's the only way we will know what to fix.
And what about MACRA (Medicare Access & CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015)? It's not fully implemented yet, but it's coming. It promises reimbursement reform, quality improvement and measurement, and public transparency. This all sounds good, but the devil is in the details, right? Reimbursement reform, if not done well, could further cripple community practices. Lately, we've seen one experiment after another coming from CMS. Can we please get some results first, and then put order into this process so we really know how these changes affect our ability to deliver the care our patients deserve?
The quality care part of MACRA is particularly concerning. We will all need to fill out a lot of reports to demonstrate our ability to provide high-quality care. It's going to cost a lot, so we should do it right. But how do we know we have the right metrics? How do we know whatever we measure will improve decision-making? And who will pay for this?
Of course, neither the ACA nor MACRA addresses the problems of the high cost of drugs (can't someone fix this?), the need for more resources for federal agencies that fund biomedical research, and the limitations placed on physician and patient communication by HIPAA and by existing electronic health records systems that can't interface with each other.
As the presidential debates proceed, I hope some of these issues will get some air time. And I hope America has the good sense to elect a President willing to work on a bipartisan approach to healthcare reform. You need to help, too. Start by voting!
What do you think? Please e-mail correspondence (include contact information) to JNCCN@nccn.org.