EDITOR: Kerrin M. Green, MA, Assistant Managing Editor, JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships.
CE AUTHORS: Nicole B. Harrold, BS, Manager, Continuing Education and Grants, has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships. Kristina M. Gregory, RN, MSN, OCN, Vice President, Clinical Information Operations, has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships. James Prazak, RPh, Assistant Director, Continuing Education and Grants, has disclosed the following relationships with commercial interests: Bristol-Myers Squibb Company: Pension; Pfizer, Inc: Stockholder; United Healthcare Group: Stockholder; Johnson & Johnson: Stockholder. Miranda Hughes, PhD, Oncology Scientist/Senior Medical Writer, has disclosed that she has no relevant financial relationships.
AlbergAJFordJGSametJM. Epidemiology of lung cancer: ACCP evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. 2nd ed.Chest2007;132:29S-55S.
SecretanBStraifKBaanR. A review of human carcinogens—part E: tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, coal smoke, and salted fish. Lancet Oncol2009;10:1033-1034.
JhaPRamasundarahettigeCLandsmanV. 21st-century hazards of smoking and benefits of cessation in the United States. N Engl J Med2013;368:341-350.
StraifKBenbrahim-TallaaLBaanR. A review of human carcinogens—part C: metals, arsenic, dusts, and fibres. Lancet Oncol2009;10:453-454.
HowladerNNooneAKrapchoM. SEER Cancer Statistics Review 1975-2009 (Vintage 2009 Populations) based on November 2011 SEER data submission. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; 2012. Available at: http://seer.cancer.gov/csr/1975_2009_pops09/.
JaklitschMTJacobsonFLAustinJH. The American Association for Thoracic Surgery guidelines for lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography scans for lung cancer survivors and other high-risk groups. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg2012;144:33-38.
TravisWDBrambillaENoguchiM. International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society international multidisciplinary classification of lung adenocarcinoma. J Thorac Oncol2011;6:244-285.
ArmatoSG3rdMcLennanGBidautL. The Lung Image Database Consortium (LIDC) and Image Database Resource Initiative (IDRI): a completed reference database of lung nodules on CT scans. Med Phys2011;38:915-931.
MacMahonHAustinJHGamsuG. Guidelines for management of small pulmonary nodules detected on CT scans: a statement from the Fleischner Society. Radiology2005;237:395-400.
NaidichDPBankierAAMacmahonH. Recommendations for the management of subsolid pulmonary nodules detected at CT: a statement from the Fleischner Society. Radiology2013;266:304-317.
YasufukuKNakajimaTFujiwaraT. Role of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in the management of lung cancer. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg2008;56:268-276.
JensenKWHsiaDWSeijoLM. Multicenter experience with electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy for the diagnosis of pulmonary nodules. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol2012;19:195-199.
ChaoTYChienMTLieCH. Endobronchial ultrasonography-guided transbronchial needle aspiration increases the diagnostic yield of peripheral pulmonary lesions: a randomized trial. Chest2009;136:229-236.
PaoneGNicastriELucantoniG. Endobronchial ultrasound-driven biopsy in the diagnosis of peripheral lung lesions. Chest2005;128:3551-3557.
Du RandIABarberPVGoldringJ. Summary of the British Thoracic Society guidelines for advanced diagnostic and therapeutic flexible bronchoscopy in adults. Thorax2011;66:1014-1015.
HsiaDWJensenKWCurran-EverettDMusaniAI. Diagnosis of lung nodules with peripheral/radial endobronchial ultrasound guided transbronchial biopsy. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol2012;19:5-11.
RintoulRCTournoyKGEl DalyH. EBUS-TBNA for the clarification of PET positive intra-thoracic lymph nodes-an international multi-centre experience. J Thorac Oncol2009;4:44-48.
DefranchiSAEdellESDanielsCE. Mediastinoscopy in patients with lung cancer and negative endobronchial ultrasound guided needle aspiration. Ann Thorac Surg2010;90:1753-1757.
YasufukuKPierreADarlingG. A prospective controlled trial of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration compared with mediastinoscopy for mediastinal lymph node staging of lung cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg2011;142:1393-1400.e1.
BilleAPelosiESkanjetiA. Preoperative intrathoracic lymph node staging in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer: accuracy of integrated positron emission tomography and computed tomography. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg2009;36:440-445.